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The only way of knowing that you have High Blood Pressure is to have it checked by your GP or Practice Nurse or if you have used your own BP monitor. It is recommended that all adults should have their blood pressure checked regularly at least every five years.
Your heart pumps blood around your body to deliver oxygen and energy. A degree of pressure in your blood vessels is needed to do this. However, if there is too much pressure it can create added strain on your arteries and heart which over time can lead to serious conditions such as:
- Heart attack
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Heart failure
- Kidney disease
- Vascular Dementia
Blood pressure is measured in “millimetres of mercury” (mmHg) and is documented as two figures:
- Systolic Pressure: The pressure of the blood when your heart beats to pump blood out. (The top numbers or first number).
- Diastolic Pressure: The pressure of the blood when your heart rests in between beats, which reflects how strongly your arteries are resisting blood flow. (The bottom number or second number).